REKLAMA

Respiratory system

RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

Respiratory system

Układ oddechowy

Pharynx

Gardło

Larynx

Krtań

Trachea ( windpipe )

Tchawica

Bronchi

Oskrzele

Brionchioles

Oskrzeliki

Supply

Dostarczać

Oxygen

Tlen

Carbon dioxide

Dwutlenek węgla

Membrane

Błona

Covering

Pokrywająca

Pleura

Opłucna

Branches

Gałąź

Terminate

Zakończenie

Alveoli

Pęcherzyki płucne

Capillaries

Naczynia włosowate

Diffuses

Dyfunduje , przenika

Blood stream

Przepływ krwi

Opposite direction

Przeciwny kierunek

Tissue

Tkanki

Sinuses

Zatoka

Influenza ( flu )

Grypa

Rhinitis

Katar

Pharyngitis

Zapalenie gardła

Tonsillitis

Zapalenie migdałków

Sinusitis

Zapalenie zatok

Laryngitis

Zapalenie krtani

Bronchitis

Zapalenie oskrzeli

Pneumonia

Zapalenie płuc

Pleuritis

Zapalenie opłucnej

Asthma

Astma

Cancer

Rak

Bronchospasm

Skurcz oskrzeli

Dust

Kurz

Pollen

Pyłek

Chills

Dreszcze

Cattarh ( runny nose )

Katar

Hoarseness

Chrypka

Dyspnoea

Duszności

Cyanosis

Sinica /sinienie

Haemoptysis

Krwio plucie

The respiratory system ( RS ) is consist os the :
-nose -pharynx -larynx -trachea ( windpipe ) -bronchi -bronchioles -lungs The function of RS is to supply oxygen to the body and to eliminate carbon dioxide. The lung are the main organs of breatching.
The lungs are situated in thoracic cavity on the either side of the heart. The membrane covering the lung is called pleura.
The lungs are built like tree , with branches that get smaller and saller, called bronchi.
The bronchi terminate the air bag , called alveoil. The wall of alveoil is rich in capillares.
Air enters through the nose and mouth.
Then the pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi,bronchioles it passes into the lungs.
In the alevole of the lungs oxygen diffuses into the blood stream where is absorbed by the erythrocytes.
They carry oxygen to the lungs capillaries to all cells of the body.
Carbox dioxide is carried by the blood in the opposite direction, hat is from tissues to the lungs.
It passes from the lung capillaries into air bags and is finally exhaled from the lungs. In one minute, we take eighteen to twenty breaths of air.
Most of the diseases of RS are classified as upper or lower respiratory tract infections, which caused by viruses or beacteria.
Upper respiratory tract infections affect the nose , pharynx, larynx, sinuses, throat.
The most common are a cold , influenza ( flu ) , pharyngitis , rhinitis, laryngitis, tonsillitis, sinusitis.
Diseases of the lower respiratory track affect the trachea , bronchi, brionchioles, lungs are more serious.
They include bronchitis, pneumonia, asthma, pleuritis and cancer. The lung cancer is caused mainly by cigarette smoking.
Asthma , whuch is very common nowadays , is a sudden bronchospasm caused by various stimuli , such as dust , pollen, food, medicines, chemicals.
Respiratory system include fever, chills, sore throat , runny nose ( catarrh ) , cought , hoarseness,dyspnoea ( difficulty in breathing ) , cyanosis ( bluish colour of the lips and fingernails ) haemoptysis ( coughing with blood ) and noisy breathing.

UPPER TRACT INFECTION

Cold

Influenza (flu)

Tonsillitis

Laryngitis

Rhinitis

Sinusitis

Pharyngitis

LOWER TRACT INFECTION

Pneumonia

Ashma

Bronchitis

Cancer

Pleuritis

SYMPTOMS OTHER DISEASES

Fever

Cyanosis

Chicken pox--varicella

Ospa

Chills

Haemoptysis

German measles—rubella

Różyczka

Runny nose (catarrh )

Headache

Hay fever—allergic rhinitis

Katar sienny

Cought

Noisy breath

Measles--rubeola

Odra

Sore throath

Mumps--parotitis

Świnka

Hoarseness

Whooping cought—pertusis

Krztusiec

Dyspnoea

Catarrh –Rihinitis

Nieżyt nosa


Bibliografia :
Ewa Donesch-Jeżo -English for Nurses
Ewa Donesch-Jeżo - English for Medical Students

Masz ciekawy materiał który mógłby być opublikowny na naszej stronie? Przeslij go do nas!

Widzisz błąd? Prosimy daj nam znać: uwagi@fizjoterapeutom.pl

Podoba Ci się nasz artykuł? Pokaż go znajomym: