REKLAMA

Anatomy

English in Anatomy

The body consist of the head , the trunk and the four limbs.
The front part of the head from the forehead to the chin is the face. It’s upper part consists of the forehead and the temples.
The two sides of the lower face are called cheeks. The jaws from the framework of the mouth..
The eyes are situated on either side of the nose.
They are partly covered by the eyelids with the eyelashes for protection. The head is joined to the trunk by the neck.
The trunk is the biggest part of the body.
It contains two large cavities separated by the diaphragm.
The chest, or thorax, is the upper of these cavities the abdomen, the lower.
The upper limbs are attached to either side of the trunk and the lower limbs extend downwards from it.
The upper limbs present three segments : the arm , the forearm, and the hand. Each hand has four fingers and one thumb.
The bones of the upper limb are joined by the two articulations: the elbow and the wrist, and they are connected to the trunk by the shoulder girdle.
The lower limbs, like the upper, are connected to the trunk by a girdle. And also present three segments : the thigh, the leg and the foot.
The joints of the lower limb are : the knee and the ankle.
Various surface regions of the body have specific anatomical names.
For example, the armpit is called the axilla ; the hollows between the trunk and legs , the groins ; the hollows behind the knees , the popliteal spaces and the umbilicus is the name given to the nevel.

Consist

składa się , zawiera

Trunk

tułów

Limb

kończyny

Forehead

czoło

Chin

broad

Temples

skronie

Cheeks

policzki

Jaws

szczęki

Framework

podstawa , struktura

Partly

częściowo

Covered

pokryty

Eyelids

powieka

Eyelashes

rzęsy

Eyebrow

brew

Cavities

jamy

Diaphram

przepona

Chest = Thorax

klatka piersiowa

Abdomen

brzuch

Attached

przymocowane

Extend

rozciągać

Arm

ramie

Forearm

przedramię

Thumb

kciuk

Articulation

staw

Elbow

łokieć

Wrist

nadgarstek

Connect

połączyć

Shoulder girdle

obręcz ramienna

Thigh

udo

Knee

kolano

Ankle

kostka

Surface region

zew.powierzchnia

Armpit

pacha

Hollows

wydrążenie

Groin

pachwina

Popliteal space

podkolanowa powierzchnia

Umbilicus=nevel

pępek

Lips

wargi

Hip

biodro

Shin

goleń

Sole

podeszwa

Palm

dłoń

Waist

talia

Nail

paznokieć

Calf

łydka

Toe

palec u stopy

Heel

pięta

Bibliografia :
Ewa Donesch-Jeżo -English for Nurses
Ewa Donesch-Jeżo - English for Medical Students

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